Periodontal disease happens when food and bacteria build up along the gums and form plaque, which turns into calculus–also known as tartar. The calculus causes irritation and inflammation of the gums, which is known as gingivitis and is an early stage of periodontal disease. Gum disease is one of the most common medical problems dogs have. Over 80 percent of dogs show early stages of gum disease by the time they are three years old.
Over time, calculus builds under the gums and causes them to separate from the teeth. Bacteria can grow in these spaces, and eventually the disease becomes irreversible, resulting in bone and tissue loss, and teeth may fall out. This can lead to pain and several more health problems.
Our free nurse dental checks ensure that our nurses can identify any periodontal disease before it causes a problem for your pet. Our nurses can also show you how to brush your pet’s teeth at home to prevent plaque build-up.